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Trading commodities: What you need to know

Commodity trading can be a great way to diversify your investment portfolio and potentially earn profits. In this article, we'll cover everything you need to know to get started with commodity trading.
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What are commodities?

Commodities are basic goods that are typically used in commercial activities. These goods include agricultural products, such as wheat, corn, and soybeans, as well as natural resources like crude oil, gold, and silver. Commodities are traded in large quantities and their prices fluctuate based on supply and demand factors.

Why trade commodities?

Trading commodities can provide a range of benefits, including diversification of your investment portfolio. Unlike stocks, which are influenced by company performance and other economic factors, commodity prices are driven by supply and demand in their respective markets. This means that commodities may perform well when stocks are not performing as well, providing a hedge against market volatility.

Types of commodity trading

There are two primary types of commodity trading: spot trading and futures trading.

Spot trading involves buying or selling commodities at the current market price with the intention of taking delivery of the goods. This type of trading is common in physical markets, such as agricultural products or precious metals.

Futures trading involves buying or selling a commodity at a predetermined price for delivery at a future date. Futures trading is common in financial markets, and traders often use futures contracts to hedge against price fluctuations.

Factors influencing commodity prices

Commodity prices can be influenced by a variety of factors, including supply and demand, geopolitical events, and weather conditions. For example, a drought in a major agricultural region can cause crop yields to fall, leading to a decrease in supply and an increase in prices. Similarly, political tensions in oil-producing countries can lead to supply disruptions and cause crude oil prices to rise.

Commodity trading strategies

There are several commodity trading strategies that traders can use to potentially earn profits. One strategy is trend following, which involves analyzing historical price data to identify trends in the market. Traders can then use this information to make buy or sell decisions.

Another strategy is mean reversion, which involves buying commodities when prices are low and selling them when prices are high. This strategy assumes that prices will eventually return to their average, providing an opportunity for profits.


Commodity trading can be a lucrative investment opportunity, but it's important to understand the market and the risks involved. By diversifying your investment portfolio with commodities, you can potentially protect yourself against market volatility and potentially earn profits in the process. Remember to research and develop a trading strategy that aligns with your financial goals and risk tolerance.